Solutions to presbyopia

Solutions to presbyopia

Presbyopia is a visual disturbance typical of advancing age due to aging and hardening of the lens inside the eye, called crystalline, which causes the onset of a progressive difficulty in reading and carrying out activities closely, especially in conditions of low light or fatigue.

Very often people with presbyopia tend to be sensitive to light and reflections by manifesting:

  1. blurred vision;
  2. poor eyesight in poorly lit environments;
  3. eyestrain.

People recognize that they have presbyopia when they begin to struggle when reading or looking at their mobile phones or when they tend to push away the newspaper while reading.

Is it possible to correct presbyopia? What solutions are there?

Presbyopia cannot be prevented, because it is a natural and physiological aging process due to the passage of time that potentially affects all of us, no one excluded. Some individuals may be affected more clearly and others more lightly.

Presbyopia, however, can be corrected and today it is possible to take three paths:

  • Presbyopia glasses
  • Contact lenses for presbyopia
  • Surgery (laser surgery)

Presbyopia glasses

Glasses are one of the most adopted solutions to treat presbyopia, a practical choice that obviously brings out the need to always carry glasses with you, trying not to forget them.

What Presbyopia Eyewear Options Are There?

Glasses with monofocal lenses for presbyopia  

Monofocal lenses are lenses with a single dioptric power that allow correct vision only at a certain distance.

When using single vision glasses, there is a tendency to put them on and take them off repeatedly with the risk of forgetting them. CliC Eyewear is the functional solution to this problem too, thanks to glasses that are perfect for those who love practicality without neglecting aesthetics and innovation.

In fact, all CliC models have a magnet that allows the front to be divided into two parts and a comfortable collar that allows the glasses to be kept on the neck without cluttering or dangling in an annoying way.

Wearing glasses can cause discomfort from an aesthetic point of view, but it is good to know that every face fits harmoniously to a type of frame: in the article on how to choose glasses based on the shape of the face we explain how to make the right choice. 

Glasses with bifocal lenses for presbyopia

Bifocal lenses are useful for those suffering from two vision defects at the same time. From a structural point of view of the lenses, in the lower part there is a bezel with a different gradation from the rest of the surface, which can be visible or invisible.

Today, however, bifocal lenses are rapidly disappearing to the advantage of progressive or multifocal lenses that allow, with just one pair of glasses, to see well at multiple distances.

Glasses with progressive or multifocal lenses for presbyopia

Progressive lenses, also known as multifocal lenses, are able to integrate all types of vision correction in a single solution. This is because a single lens is divided into three areas and is able to satisfy different gradation needs at the same time.

Consequently, looking up at the progressive lens, you will get a clear vision from a distance, looking more or less in the center you will get a clear vision at intermediate distances (for example in front of the computer, in the kitchen, working from the desk) while it will be enough look down to get a clear view up close.

Contact lenses for presbyopia

Another possibility for the treatment of presbyopia is the use of multifocal contact lenses, although at the moment they are still not very common in our country.

The market offers some types of lenses capable of adapting to different needs and eye health problems. Based on the results of the eye exam, the ophthalmologist is the figure who will be able to advise perfectly on the most suitable choice.

Surgery (laser surgery for presbyopia)

The document of the Ministry of Health speaks of corneal refractive surgery, which consists in the modification of the curvature of the cornea carried out with various traditional and laser surgery methods. In practice, we are going to modify the normal ocular surface and obtain a multifocal profile.

In recent years, technology has made progress even if presbyopia is not as easy to correct with surgery as it happens for myopia and hyperopia.

Usually, laser surgery is not the proposed solution for presbyopia and perhaps in the future it will also become so because not all subjects and not all eyes are suitable for laser surgery on the cornea so the opportunity to perform this surgery must be carefully evaluated case by case, as always with the support of a specialist.